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What are biofuels?


Biofuels are renewable liquid or gaseous fuels used in transport.  They are created from biomass material.  A wide range of materials can be used including sugarcane, wheat, corn and waste materials such as Used Cooking Oil (UCO) and animal fats.  The main types of biofuels currently available include:


  • Biodiesel
  • Bioethanol
  • Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO)
  • Biomethane


Biodiesel can be deployed in diesel-powered vehicles or blended with diesel fuel.  It can be made from a number of feedstocks such as vegetable oils and animals' fats including rapeseed oil, recycled vegetable oils (UCO), palm oil, soybean oil, sunflower oil and tallow. 

Bioethanol typically derives from raw materials such as wheat, corn, barley, rye and sugar beet.  It is typically blended with gasoline and used in petrol vehicles.

Hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) is a form of renewable diesel which can be used as a direct replacement for diesel or deployed in diesel in higher concentrations than B7 without any technical issues. 

Biomethane is a renewable fuel produced by removing impurities from biogas and can be deployed for use in natural gas vehicles.  It can also be injected into the gas grid and used to provide heat and electricity.