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Internal Energy Market for Gas

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The European Union’s Third Energy Package is a series of legislative measures for the internal gas and electricity markets in the European Union. 

Its purpose is to further liberalise the energy markets and to complete the establishment of the EU’s Internal Energy Market (IEM). 

The Third Energy Package consists of two Directives and three Regulations;

  • Directive 2009/72/EC concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing Directive 2003/54/EC
  • Directive 2009/73/EC concerning common rules for the internal market in natural gas and repealing Directive 2003/55/EC
  • Regulation (EC) No 714/2009 on conditions for access to the network for cross-border exchanges in electricity and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1228/2003
  • Regulation (EC) No 715/2009 on conditions for access to the natural gas transmission networks and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1775/2005
  • Regulation (EC) No 713/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 establishing an Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators

The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union adopted the package in July 2009. It came into force on 3 September 2009. Please visit the EUR-lex website for more information on the Electricity Directive, EU law and other public EU documents. 

The IEM’s objectives are the achievement of better outcomes for EU citizens through contributing to economic growth, jobs, secure energy at affordable prices, and sustainability in energy use.